Haryana is a North Indian state surrounding New Delhi on 3 sides. The Yamuna River runs along its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh. Shared with Punjab, the state capital Chandigarh designed by Swiss architect, Le Corbusier is India’s best planned city. Haryana was carved out of East Punjab in the year 1966. It became one of the most economically developed regions in India with its agricultural bloom. The state enjoys a blend of urban and rural population and boasts a rich culture and tradition.
Haryanvis majorly consume homegrown food that evokes simplicity. Kair Sangri which is mostly associated with Rajasthan is also popular in Haryana. It is made from desert beans and berries. Kachri ki chutney is eaten as an accompaniment or even as a vegetable. Mixed lentils is popular here as well as Hara Dhania Cholia, Bajra Aloo Roti and Besan ki Masala Roti. For the sweet lovers, Alsi ki Pinni and Bhura Roti ghee is famous.
The official language of Haryana is Hindi. However, normally people of Haryana speak a dialect akin to Hindi, called Haryanvi. The Jats of Karnal , Hisar ,Rohtak etc. speaks Jatu and the Ahirs of Gurgaon , Rewari etc. speaks Ahirwati. People of other parts of state that share borders with Punjab speak Punjabi.
Fairs & Festivals
Haryana is taken from the Sanskrit words Hari meaning the Hindu God Vishnu and ayana meaning home. Haryana celebrates numerous fairs and festivals with enthusiasm and fervor. Lohri is one of the most popular festivals here marking the end of winter and the season of fertility. People pray around the fire which symbolizes Agni or the spark of life. Haryana Day, The Pinjore Heritage Festival, Gangore, Baisakhi and Gugga Naumi are some of the festivals celebrated here. The Surajkund Fair, held in February, highlights the finest handloom and handicrafts produced in the country. People from all over the world attend this fair where they meet the craftsmen and can purchase straight from the source of production. The Kartik Fair is another Fair held with the objective of promoting various kinds of arts in the state like; classical music, martial arts, dance and folk music. This fair is held in the month of November.
Gurgaon is not only one of the most urbanized cities of India, but it also boasts of a skyline that can easily rival those of Hong Kong and Singapore. Known as a financial and technology hub, Gurgaon has huge shopping malls like Ambience and MGF Mall. The Kingdom of Dreams is India’s first live entertainment zone, offering a leisure destination and a theater, that creates an unforgettable experience. The Damdama Lake and Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary, The Heritage Transport Museum and Cyber Hub are some of the other things to do here!
Kurukshetra, also known as Dharmakshetra is known as the “Land of the Bhagavad Gita”. Situated 170 km north to Delhi, the place is famous for the battle between the Kauvaras and the Pandavas in the Hindu epic, Mahabharata. The Brahma Sarovar, Krishna Museum, Kalpana Chawla Planetarium and Bhishma Kund are some of the places here worth visiting.
Faridabad is Haryana’s largest city and its major industrial hub as well. The Badkhal Lake, Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary, Raja Nahar Singh Palace, ISKCON Faridabad are some of the sights to visit here.
Located at a distance of 90 km from Delhi, Panipat is known for the three historical battles that were fought here. Innumerable monuments, forts, temples and its magnificent historical connections make Panipat in Haryana an interesting tourist destination.
70 kms off Delhi and at 190 m altitude, the historical city of Nuh traces its roots to the Aryan civilization, and later the Tughlaq Dynasty. Sheikh Musa, Chui Mai Pond and Water Tank, Temple of Hathor and the Kotla and Shiva Temple are famous here.
Karnal boasts of a history from the time of the Mahabharata. Nestled on the banks of the sacred Yamuna River, Karnal today is popularly called the ‘Rice Bowl of India’ for its vast rice fields.
Rohtak is situated just 70 kms away from Delhi and is part of the National Capital Region (NCR). Banni Khera Farm, Sai Mandir and Tilyar Lake are some of the attractions here.