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Capital: Canberra
Currency: AUD (Australian Dollars)
Continent: Oceania
Population: Approximately 25,535,329 made up of Australian, Chinese, Indians, Italians, Europeans, and other South Pacific islanders.
Official Languages: English is regarded as the de facto national language.

Located in South Pacific, Australia is one of the largest countries on earth, with 6 states and 2 territories. Known as the land of dreams. Australia has amazing natural wonders and unique wildlife throughout the country.

Australia is a country of all seasons. It varies greatly throughout the eight states and territories, while Northern and Tropical Queensland experience a ‘wet season’ (November to April) and a ‘dry season’ (May to October) . Australia experiences 4 distinct seasons with summer from December to February, Autumn from March to May, Winter during June to August and Spring from September to November.

The Australian government’s reciprocal healthcare agreements with several countries entitles travelers to certain subsidized health services in the country. However, it is highly recommended that travelers purchase travel insurance that covers them from theft, loss, accidents, and medical problems before they leave home.

No special immunization or vaccinations are required to travel to Australia, unless the traveler has visited a yellow fever affected country within six days of their arrival into Australia.

Prescribed medication brought into Australia for personal use is subject to controls and must be declared on arrival.

Australia is home to many deadly species and travelers should ensure they are adequately prepared before their journey.

Shark attacks are rare in Australia, but visitors are highly recommended to further reduce the risk by swimming between the flags on patrolled beaches. When travelling near crocodile habitats, observe safety signs and do not swim in rivers, estuaries, deep pools, or mangrove shores. Likewise, for bushwalking and hiking, always wear protective footwear and if bitten by poisonous animals, seek immediate medical attention by phoning 000 from anywhere in Australia.

Australian cuisine is what Australians define as ‘our shared identity’. Locals dine on fried rice, Thai curries, Mediterranean cuisine and many more which makes it a part of Australia’s multicultural melting pot.

Nothing is more Aussie than getting friends or family together for a barbeque.

The Lamington is often referred to as the ‘National Cake of Australia’ and is the pride of many mother’s kitchen. This sponge cake is coated in a layer of chocolate icing and desiccated coconut and usually comes in two halves with a layer of cream or jam.

You’re not Australian unless you have eaten a meat pie. It’s on menu at every house party you attend, sporting venue and morning after a big night. Likewise, for sausage rolls, which is the lunch choice for many Australians. However, with the onset of globalization, you will also find a number of vegetarian and vegan options easily available.

You will find many retail outlets here, suitable for traditional tourist shopping-curio and aboriginal handicraft vendors at local night or day markets, Multicultural merchandise, and specialty gift stores. Most prices are generally fixed; however, a little bit of bargaining always is a part of the experience. So, go ahead and give it a shot! A lot of times, you will be pleasantly surprised!

Australia’s country code is +61. Australia is well serviced by local mobile networks including Vodafone Australia Limited, Telstra and Optus. You can also arrange roaming status before travelling here as well as on arrival.

Internet access and email is available in most parts of Australia and internet cafes and Information centers are available in major cities and towns.

Emergency contact: 000 anywhere in Australia.

The electric current in Australia is 240 Volts AC 50Hz. Australia has three- pin power outlets, identical to New Zealand and Fiji. Leading hotels and resorts offer universal outlets for 240v or 11v shavers, hair dryers and other electrical appliances. However, you may want to carry your own universal adapters

A 10% Government Value Added Tax (VAT) is applicable to all goods and services in Australia. As a tourist you can claim GST or VAT refund under the tourist refund scheme administered by the Department of Home Affairs. The scheme applies to goods and services purchased at prices that include GST or VAT from a retailer with an ABN and GST Registration.

Most personal items such as new clothing, footwear and articles for personal hygiene and grooming (excluding fur and perfume concentrates) may be brought into Australia in your accompanied baggage free from duty and tax.

Travelers aged 18 years and over can bring up to AUD900 worth of general goods in Australia duty free. While travelers below the age of 18 years have a limit of AUD 450.

There are no duty-free concessions on tobacco or alcohol for travellers aged under 18 years

Australia has three standard time zones:

Western Standard Time (AWST) covers Western Australia and time difference is Greenwich Mean Time plus 8 (GMT +8)

Australian Central standard time (ACST) covers the state of south Australia, New South Wales, and Northern Territory. Time difference is Greenwich Mean Time plus 9 and a half hours. (GMT +9:30 hrs.)

Eastern Standard time (AEST): covers eastern states of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, and Australia Capital Territory. Time difference is equal to Greenwich Meantime plus 10 hours. (GMT +10)

Northern Territory, Queensland and Western Australia do not observe daylight saving time during summer months while the rest of the state and regions observe daylight saving from the first Sunday in October through first Sunday in April.

New Zealand passport holders can apply for a visa upon arrival in the country while all other passport holders must apply for a visa before entering Australia. Some countries are eligible to apply for an Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) which provides authorization to travel to and enter Australia for short term stays for tourism or business visitor activities. You can check countries eligible for an ETA here: https://www.eta.homeaffairs.gov.au/

All you need is a passport that is valid for at least 6 months beyond your stay.

Australia may seem far away, nestled in the middle of South Pacific Ocean, however getting here is easy. Qantas airways and Virgin Australia have direct flights from many international destinations like Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Honolulu in USA and Hongkong, Singapore, Seoul, India and other countries in Asia as well as Christchurch, Auckland and Wellington in New Zealand. There are various points of entry into Australia with Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane being the top 3 International airports in the country. Besides Qantas and Virgin Australia, there are other airlines that have flights to Australia, like Jetstar, Air New Zealand, Korean air, Pacific Blue, Air Niugini, Air Vanuatu, Fiji Airways, Air Caledonia and so many more that fly regularly to Australia.

Travelling around in Australia is relatively safe and easy but planning will save time and the hassle while you’re on your journey. The domestic airlines offer reliable, comfortable, and comprehensive range of schedules to connect from one state to the other.

Public buses and trains in Australia offer cheap travels from suburb to suburb and even journeys around Australia. Usually public transport operates with electronic payment methods of tap on and tap off cards such as Opal card used in Sydney and Mykie used in Melbourne. Taxi, ubers and ferries are available to travel within

Australia for a faster mode of transportation and have a basic fee of $3.60 and $2.19 per kilometer. Hiring a rental is the best way to explore Australia, perfect for road trips and longer travelling journeys. Besides this, Australia has sea planes, helicopter transfers within Australia. One can also charter a boat or small plane to get between destinations. Yachting and cruising are few great ways of exploring the country as well.

Australia is a diverse, multiethnic nation with people from all over the world settling in Australia alongside indigenous inhabitants. Although Australia is predominantly a Christian country, there is no official state religion. People in Australia are free to practice any religion they choose if they are not breaking the law. Religions from all over the world are practiced in the country, demonstrating its cultural diversity and quirky cultural attractions.

Australia’s first people- known as Aboriginal Australians have a rich, living culture stretching more than 50,000 years. Aboriginal people across the country are waiting to tell their stories and share meaning of their culture and way of life as retaining their culture is seen as a struggle today with only about 3% of Australia’s population holding aboriginal heritage.

People in Australia do not expect a tip in traditional service industries as they receive sufficient pay, however you can always offer extra payment for exceptional service if you wish to.

The Australian dollar is the basic unit of currency, available in denominations of $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100 notes. Coins come in 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, 1 dollar and 2 dollars.

AUD 1 dollar is equivalent to approximately USD 72 cents.

Normal banking hours are from Monday to Thursday 9:30am- 4:00pm and 9:30am- 5:00pm on Fridays. There is a 24hrs currency exchange service at the arrival concourse at every International airport in Australia and have ATMs available around the country and nearest shopping centers.

Australia has very strict biosecurity procedures at their international borders to help prevent the introduction of harmful pests and diseases. Certain food items brought into Australia, even a small amount or ingredients for cooking need to be declared.

While almost everyone in Australia speaks English, there is often an element of humor in their speech. Aussies often use colorful language that may be unthinkable in other countries.

G’day hello good or cool Gucci
Barbeque Barbie Angry or bitter Salty
Liquor Shop Bottle-O Sausage Snag
Very full Chockers Have a fight Have a blue
Mosquito Mozzie Television Idiot box
Kangaroo Roo Potato Spud
Very busy Flat Out Genuine Australian True Blue
Okay Cool Bananas Vegetarian Veggo
Thank you Ta Complain Whinge
Beer Coldie Australia Straya
ill/ sick crook Devastated Devo
Definitely defo Petrol Petty
Toilet Dunny Policeman Coppa
Friend Mate A woman Sheila
Afternoon Arvo A man Bloke
No problem No drama Food Tucker
Drunk Pissed For sure Reckon